Document Detail


Attending to Threat: Race-based Patterns of Selective Attention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19727428     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The present research investigated the extent to which the stereotype that young Black men are threatening and dangerous has become so robust and ingrained in the collective American unconscious that Black men now capture attention, much like evolved threats such as spiders and snakes. Specifically, using a dot-probe detection paradigm, White participants revealed biased attention toward Black faces relative to White faces (Study 1). Because the faces were presented only briefly (30-ms), the bias is thought to reflect the early engagement of attention. The attentional bias was eliminated, however, when the faces displayed averted eye-gaze (Study 2). That is, when the threat communicated by the Black faces was attenuated by a relevant, competing socio-emotional cue- in this case, averted eye-gaze-they no longer captured perceivers' attention. Broader implications for social cognition, as well as public policies that reify these prevailing perceptions of young Black men are discussed.
Authors:
Sophie Trawalter; Andrew R Todd; Abigail A Baird; Jennifer A Richeson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of experimental social psychology     Volume:  44     ISSN:  0022-1031     ISO Abbreviation:  J Exp Soc Psychol     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-9-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0045332     Medline TA:  J Exp Soc Psychol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1322-1327     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology & Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
F32 HD055772-01//NICHD NIH HHS

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