Document Detail

Attachment strength and biofilm forming ability of Bacillus cereus on green-leafy vegetables: Cabbage and lettuce.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21839375     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The present study was designed to investigate the ability of six Bacillus cereus strains to attach and form biofilm on cabbage and lettuce surfaces. These six strains were; a reference strain DSMZ 345 and five biofilm-producing strains (aquatic strains; TUB8, TUB30, TUB31, TUB32 and TUB33) isolated from drinking-water distribution network. Hydrophobicity, biofilm formation ability, attachment strength (S(R)) of spores and vegetative cells of the six B. cereus strains were also determined. Due to their high hydrophobicity, spores of all strains had high ability to attach polystyrene and did not affect by dilution of tryptone soy broth (TSB, 1:20 v/v) in the in vitro experiment. Significant (p < 0.05) enhancement in vitro biofilm formation by vegetative cells of B. cereus was recorded in the diluted TSB. The highest biofilm formation on cabbage and lettuce surfaces was obtained by spores and vegetative cells of all tested strains on the 4(th) hour of the incubation period. These populations were significantly (p < 0.05) increased by elongating incubation time from 4 h to 24 h except DSMZ 345 and TUB8. Biofilm formation behavior obtained by B. cereus spores and vegetative cells on the polystyrene surface was different compared with that recorded on produce surface. The S(R) of both spores and vegetative cells of the studied strains to the lettuce surface was higher than that of the cabbage surface. The hydrophobicity, biofilm formation and S(R) of spores and vegetative cells of the biofilm-producing strains were higher than that of the reference strain DSMZ 345. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) exposed random distribution of cells either on the surface or cut edge, without clear obvious affinity for the surface structures. Increasing in the presence of large clusters of cells on leaf surfaces was demonstrated after 4 and 24 h. In conclusion, use of aquatic environmental isolates is more useful for studying biofilm formation than the reference strain. Lettuce surface supported the attachment of B. cereus spores and vegetative cells compared with the cabbage surface. Further investigations are required to improve our knowledge of biofilm formation mechanisms by the human pathogenic microorganisms, especially by using the environmental and clinical isolates. To ensure safety level of green-leafy vegetables, biofilm formation after harvest should be considered as critical control point during handling of these vegetables.
Hesham M Elhariry
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-05-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food microbiology     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1095-9998     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8601127     Medline TA:  Food Microbiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1266-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Taif University, P.O. Box 888-Taif, Saudi Arabia; Department of Food Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, P.O. Box 68, Hadayek Shoubra, 11241 Cairo, Egypt.
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