Document Detail

Attachment and social preferences in cooperatively-reared cotton-top tamarins.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12111679     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In many primate species a close attachment between mother and infant provides a secure base for the infant when the infant is frightened or under stress. In cooperatively breeding primates infant carrying is divided among several individuals in the group, with the mother often doing little more than nursing. In these species it is not clear which individual would best serve as a secure base for the infant. We studied eight infant cotton-top tamarins from birth through 20 weeks of age, noting who carried the infant during the first 100 days, who transferred food with the infants, and, as infants became independent, with whom they associated during social play and affiliative behavior. From week 9 to week 20, when infants were independent of carriers most of the time, we presented families with six trials (once every 2 weeks) with a threatening stimulus (a human dressed in a lab coat and wearing an animal mask). Infants played primarily with their twin or youngest sibling and had affiliative interactions with many family members. However, in fearful situations, infants ran to those who had carried them and transferred food with them the most-their father or oldest brother (never to the mother). Although adults increased rates of mobbing calls in response to the threat, infants significantly reduced their vocalization rate. For these cooperatively breeding monkeys, the attachment object for infants is the family member that invested the most effort in carrying the infant and transferring food with the infant. These results parallel and extend results from bi-parental infant care species in which the father serves as the primary attachment figure.
Karen M Kostan; Charles T Snowdon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of primatology     Volume:  57     ISSN:  0275-2565     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Primatol.     Publication Date:  2002 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-07-11     Completed Date:  2002-07-30     Revised Date:  2010-09-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8108949     Medline TA:  Am J Primatol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  131-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706-1696, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Animals, Newborn
Play and Playthings
Sexual Behavior, Animal*
Social Behavior*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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