Document Detail

Attachment classifications among 18-month-old children of adolescent mothers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11772186     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To determine (1) patterns of secure vs insecure attachment relationships in infants of adolescent and nonadolescent mothers and (2) if these patterns are mediated by parenting characteristics, including depression, self-esteem, parenting stress, child abuse potential, psychological distress, rating of infant temperament, and the caregiving environment. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-one adolescent mothers and their 18-month-old infants were compared with 76 nonadolescent mothers and their 18-month-old infants. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Infant attachment classifications were assessed via the Ainsworth Strange Situation. Maternal and infant characteristics were obtained through self-report measures. RESULTS: There were no differences in attachment classification between infants of adolescent mothers and nonadolescent mothers. Secure attachment classification was found in 67% of the infants of adolescent mothers and 62% of the infants of nonadolescent mothers. There were significant differences in the self-reported maternal characteristics. Adolescent mothers reported lower self-esteem (P<.05), more parenting stress (P<.05), more child abuse potential (P<.05), and provided a lower quality of home environment (P<.05) than nonadolescent mothers. Adolescent mothers also rated their infants as having a higher activity level (P<.05) than infants born to nonadolescent mothers. In multivariate analysis, none of these variables or social classes were found to affect attachment classification. CONCLUSIONS: Infants of adolescent and nonadolescent mothers show similar patterns of attachment. Adolescent and nonadolescent mothers show substantial differences in parenting characteristics and in how they rate their infants' temperaments. However, these differences do not seem to impair the infant-mother attachment relationship.
Lynne Andreozzi; Patricia Flanagan; Ronald Seifer; Susan Brunner; Barry Lester
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine     Volume:  156     ISSN:  1072-4710     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med     Publication Date:  2002 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-01-04     Completed Date:  2002-01-25     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9422751     Medline TA:  Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  20-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Infant Development Center, Women and Infants' Hospital, 101 Dudley St, Providence, RI 02905-2499, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Adolescent Psychology*
Age Factors
Child Abuse / psychology
Child Psychology*
Child, Preschool
Depression / diagnosis,  psychology
Mother-Child Relations*
Multivariate Analysis
Object Attachment*
Parenting / psychology
Pregnancy in Adolescence / psychology*
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Risk Factors
Self Concept
Social Class
Social Environment
Stress, Psychological / diagnosis,  psychology
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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