Document Detail


Atrial fibrillatory rate in the clinical context: natural course and prediction of intervention outcome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25362161     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Shortening of atrial refractory period during atrial fibrillation has been considered a hallmark of atrial electrical remodelling. The atrial fibrillatory cycle length, which is intimately related to the atrial fibrillatory rate (AFR), is generally accepted as a surrogate marker for local refractoriness. The value of using AFR to monitor the progress of atrial ablation therapy has been demonstrated and gradual slowing of AFR has consistently been observed to precede arrhythmia termination during paroxysmal or permanent atrial fibrillation ablation. Today, AFR is the key characteristic of the fibrillatory process, repeatedly validated against intracardiac recordings and extensively studied in clinical contexts. This paper provides an overview of clinical data accumulated since the method was introduced in 1998, and to present the current state of knowledge regarding ECG-derived AFR: its time course and dynamics, clinical factors affecting AFR, and available evidence of its value in the clinical context. We conclude that AFR is a promising, easily available AF characteristic that can be derived from the conventional surface ECG. It is clearly a useful tool for monitoring drug effects. Reference values for predicting intervention effect, however, are likely to be population- and context-specific and related to age, clinical types of atrial fibrillation, as well as to presence and advancement of underlying structural heart disease. Prospective studies in homogeneous patient populations are still needed to establish the clinical value of AFR.
Authors:
Pyotr G Platonov; Valentina D A Corino; Mariam Seifert; Fredrik Holmqvist; Leif Sörnmo
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1532-2092     ISO Abbreviation:  Europace     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-11-2    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883649     Medline TA:  Europace     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  iv110-iv119     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2014. For permissions please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.
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