Document Detail


Atopococcus tabaci gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel Gram-positive, catalase-negative, coccus-shaped bacterium isolated from tobacco.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16014503     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A novel Gram-positive, aerobic, catalase-negative, coccus-shaped organism originating from tobacco was characterized using phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. The organism contained a cell wall murein based on L-lysine (variation A4alpha, type L-lysine-L-glutamic acid), synthesized long-chain cellular fatty acids of the straight-chain saturated and monounsaturated types (with C(16:1)omega9, C(16:0) and C(18:1)omega9 predominating) and possessed a DNA G+C content of 46 mol%. Based on morphological, biochemical and chemical characteristics, the coccus-shaped organism did not conform to any presently recognized taxon. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing studies confirmed the distinctiveness of the unknown coccus, with the bacterium displaying sequence divergence values of greater than 7% with other recognized Gram-positive taxa. Treeing analysis reinforced its distinctiveness, with the unidentified organism forming a relatively long subline branching at the periphery of an rRNA gene sequence cluster which encompasses the genera Alloiococcus, Allofustis, Alkalibacterium, Atopostipes, Dolosigranulum and Marinilactibacillus. Based on phenotypic and molecular phylogenetic evidence, it is proposed that the unknown organism from tobacco be classified as a new genus and species, Atopococcus tabaci gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain of Atopococcus tabaci is CCUG 48253(T) (=CIP 108502(T)).
Authors:
Matthew D Collins; Anna Wiernik; Enevold Falsen; Paul A Lawson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology     Volume:  55     ISSN:  1466-5026     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2005 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-07-14     Completed Date:  2005-09-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100899600     Medline TA:  Int J Syst Evol Microbiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1693-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Food Biosciences, University of Reading, Reading, UK. paul.lawson@ou.edu
Data Bank Information
Bank Name/Acc. No.:
GENBANK/AJ634917
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bacterial Typing Techniques
Catalase / metabolism*
DNA, Bacterial / analysis
DNA, Ribosomal / analysis
Genes, rRNA
Gram-Positive Cocci / chemistry,  classification*,  genetics,  isolation & purification
Molecular Sequence Data
Phenotype
Phylogeny
RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Tobacco / microbiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/DNA, Bacterial; 0/DNA, Ribosomal; 0/RNA, Ribosomal, 16S; EC 1.11.1.6/Catalase

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