Document Detail

Athletic performance and the oral contraceptive.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19567919     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Some reports suggest variation in physiological responses and athletic performance, for female athletes at specific phases of the menstrual cycle. However, inconsistent findings are common due to the inappropriate verification of menstrual cycle phase, small subject numbers, high intra- and interindividual variability in estrogen and progesterone concentration, and the pulsatile secretion of these hormones. Therefore, the oral contraceptive (OC) cycle may provide a more stable environment in which to evaluate the acute effect of reproductive hormones on physiological variables and exercise performance. To date, most of the OC research has compared differences between OC use and nonuse, and few researchers have examined within-cycle effects of the OC. It is also apparent that OC use is becoming far more prevalent in athletes; hence the effect of the different exogenous and endogenous hormonal profiles on athletic performance should be investigated. Research to date identifies potential for variation in aerobic performance, anaerobic capacity, anaerobic power and reactive strength throughout an OC cycle. The purpose of this review is to present and evaluate the current literature on the physiology of exercise and athletic performance during the OC cycle.
Claire Rechichi; Brian Dawson; Carmel Goodman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of sports physiology and performance     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1555-0265     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2009 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-01     Completed Date:  2009-07-31     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101276430     Medline TA:  Int J Sports Physiol Perform     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  151-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Sports Science, Exercise, and Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Athletic Performance*
Biomedical Research / trends
Contraceptives, Oral, Combined / therapeutic use*
Energy Metabolism / drug effects
Estradiol / blood
Menstrual Cycle / blood,  drug effects*
Muscle Strength / drug effects
Oxygen Consumption / drug effects
Progesterone / blood
Pulmonary Ventilation / drug effects
Women's Health*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Contraceptives, Oral, Combined; 50-28-2/Estradiol; 57-83-0/Progesterone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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