Document Detail

Athlete's heart in postmenopausal former elite endurance female athletes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16003041     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To investigate cardiac structure and function and exercise capacity in senior former elite athlete women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty postmenopausal former elite endurance athletes and 19 age-matched sedentary controls. METHODS: All subjects underwent transthoracic Doppler echocardiography and maximal exercise test on a bicycle ergometer. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cardiac chamber dimensions, wall thickness, cardiac function, and exercise capacity. RESULTS: The athletes had a greater exercise capacity (183 +/- 26 vs. 144 +/- 36 W; P < 0.01) compared with controls. Three of 20 (15%) athletes and 9 of 19 (47%) controls exhibited ST depressions during exercise test (P < 0.05). Echocardiographic measurements demonstrated larger left ventricular diameter (2.9 +/- 0.3 vs. 2.6 +/- 0.2 cm/m; P < 0.01), left ventricular volume (64 +/- 14 vs. 54 +/- 8 mL/m; P < 0.05), right ventricular diameter (1.6 +/- 0.2 vs. 1.4 +/- 0.2 cm/m; P < 0.01), left atrial volume (20.8 +/- 6 vs. 16.6 +/- 3.6 mL/m; P < 0.05), and stroke volume (45 +/- 10 vs. 36 +/- 5 mL/m; P < 0.01) in athletes than controls, whereas interventricular septum (9.3 +/- 1.7 vs. 10.1 +/- 1.8 mm; P > 0.05) and posterior wall thickness (9.0 +/- 1.6 vs. 9.2 +/- 1.0 mm; P > 0.05) did not differ between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates cardiac enlargement without increased wall thickness in postmenopausal former elite endurance athlete women. Our results also indicate that long-term training maintains a high level of cardiovascular fitness in the aging female athletes.
Magnus Hagmar; Angelica Lindén Hirschberg; Caroline Lindholm; Karin Schenck-Gustafsson; Maria J Eriksson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical journal of sport medicine : official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1050-642X     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin J Sport Med     Publication Date:  2005 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-07-08     Completed Date:  2005-10-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9103300     Medline TA:  Clin J Sport Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  257-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiac Output / physiology*
Echocardiography, Doppler
Heart / physiology
Middle Aged
Physical Endurance*

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