Document Detail


Atherosclerotic plaque characterization by CT angiography for identification of high-risk coronary artery lesions: a comparison to optical coherence tomography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25246503     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: Adverse plaque characteristics (APCs) by coronary computed tomography (CT) angiography (CTA) are associated with myocardial ischaemia and future acute coronary syndromes. The overall objective was to determine whether APCs on non-invasive CTA are associated with vulnerable plaque features by invasive optical coherence tomography (OCT).
METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty-eight coronary plaques in 45 patients were evaluated by CTA and OCT. APCs by CTA were: positive remodelling (PR), remodelling index ≥1.10; low attenuation plaque (LAP), any intraplaque voxel <30 Hounsfield units; spotty calcification (SC), intraplaque calcification ≤3 mm; and 'napkin-ring' sign, low intraplaque attenuation surrounded by a higher attenuation rim. OCT evaluated plaques for thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA, ≤65 µm, lipid arch >90°) and macrophage infiltration. Increasing plaque vulnerability was graded by OCT as having no TCFA, TCFA without macrophage infiltration, and TCFA with macrophage infiltration. OCT lesions included those with no TCFA (n = 44), TCFA without macrophage infiltration (n = 7), and TCFA with macrophage infiltration (n = 17). Increasing plaque vulnerability grade by OCT was associated with higher diameter stenosis (43.6 vs. 40.7 vs. 57.3%, P = 0.01), and greater prevalence of PR (11 vs. 43 vs. 71%, P < 0.001), LAP (11 vs. 29 vs. 59%, P = 0.001), and SC (2 vs. 29 vs. 18%, P = 0.02), but not for napkin-ring sign (P = 0.18). In multivariable analysis, PR [odds ratio (OR) 16.9, 95% confidence interval (CI) 3.9-73.3, P < 0.001] and LAP (OR 11.2, 95% CI 2.8-44.3, P = 0.001) predicted TCFA with macrophage infiltration, whereas SC and napkin-ring sign did not.
CONCLUSION: Plaques demonstrating PR and LAP by CTA are associated with TCFA with macrophage infiltration by OCT.
Authors:
Ryo Nakazato; Hiromasa Otake; Akihide Konishi; Masamichi Iwasaki; Bon-Kwon Koo; Hiroyuki Fukuya; Toshiro Shinke; Ken-Ichi Hirata; Jonathon Leipsic; Daniel S Berman; James K Min
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-9-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2047-2412     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-9-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101573788     Medline TA:  Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2014. For permissions please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.
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