Document Detail

Atherosclerosis, inflammation and Chlamydia pneumoniae.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21160574     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Coronary heart disease is the single most common cause of illness and death in the developed world. Coronary atherosclerosis is by far the most frequent cause of ischemic heart disease, and plaque disruption with superimposed thrombosis is the main cause of the acute coronary syndromes of unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden death. Atherosclerosis is the result of a complex interaction between blood elements, disturbed flow, and vessel wall abnormality, involving several pathological processes: inflammation, with increased endothelial permeability, endothelial activation, and monocyte recruitment; growth, with smooth muscle cell proliferation, migration, and matrix synthesis; degeneration, with lipid accumulation; necrosis, possibly related to the cytotoxic effect of oxidized lipid; calcification/ossification, which may represent an active rather than a dystrophic process; and thrombosis, with platelet recruitment and fibrin formation. In this review we discuss these processes and the possible pathological effects of Chlamydia infection and the ensuing phlogosis.
Giovanni Fazio; Maria Giovino; Alessandro Gullotti; Daniela Bacarella; Giuseppina Novo; Salvatore Novo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  World journal of cardiology     Volume:  1     ISSN:  1949-8462     ISO Abbreviation:  World J Cardiol     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-16     Completed Date:  2011-07-14     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101537090     Medline TA:  World J Cardiol     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  31-40     Citation Subset:  -    
Giovanni Fazio, Maria Giovino, Alessandro Gullotti, Daniela Bacarella, Giuseppina Novo, Salvatore Novo, Division of Cardiology, University of Palermo, 90100, Palermo, Italy.
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