Document Detail

Asymptomatic Malaria Infection Affects the Interpretation of Biomarkers of Iron and Vitamin A Status, Even after Adjusting for Systemic Inflammation, but Does Not Affect Plasma Zinc Concentrations among Young Children in Burkina Faso.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25411038     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Biomarkers of iron [plasma ferritin (pF)], vitamin A [retinol binding protein (RBP)], and zinc status [plasma zinc (pZn)] are affected by the acute phase response, independent of micronutrient status.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of these analyses was to assess how asymptomatic malaria infection affects the interpretation of these biomarkers after adjustment for elevated acute phase proteins (APPs).
METHODS: Soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR), pF, RBP, and pZn concentrations were measured among 451 asymptomatic children aged 6-23 mo in Burkina Faso and adjusted for elevated APP (C-reactive protein ≥5 mg/L and/or α-1-acid-glycoprotein ≥1 g/L) based on a 4-group categorical model. Plasma histidine-rich protein II (HRP2) concentrations ≥0.75 μg/L were considered indicative of current or recent malaria parasitemia.
RESULTS: Of the children in the study, 57.4% had at least 1 elevated APP, and 48.5% had elevated HRP2. After adjusting for APP, children with elevated HRP2 had higher pF (23.5 ± 1.5 μg/L vs. 11.1 ± 0.8 μg/L; P < 0.001) and lower RBP (0.79 ± 0.01 μmol/L vs. 0.92 ± 0.01 μmol/L; P < 0.001) than those without, but there were no differences in pZn among those with and without elevated HRP2 (64.9 ± 12.7 μg/dL vs. 64.9 ± 11.1 μg/dL; P = 0.98). Children with elevated HRP2 had higher sTfR than those without (17.6 ± 0.5 mg/L vs. 12.3 ± 0.4 mg/L; P < 0.0001). After adjusting for HRP2, along with APP, the estimated prevalence of iron deficiency (pF < 12 μg/L) increased from 38.7% to 50.6% and vitamin A deficiency (RBP < 0.84 μmol/L) decreased from 33.4% to 27.7%.
CONCLUSIONS: Asymptomatic malaria is associated with indicators of micronutrient status, even after adjusting for APP. Adjusting indicators of iron and vitamin A status based only on APP may inaccurately estimate the prevalence of micronutrient deficiencies in settings with a high prevalence of malaria and inflammation. This trial was registered at as NCT00944853.
K Ryan Wessells; Sonja Y Hess; Zinewendé P Ouédraogo; Noel Rouamba; Jean-Bosco Ouédraogo; Kenneth H Brown
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2014-10-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutrition     Volume:  144     ISSN:  1541-6100     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2014 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404243     Medline TA:  J Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2050-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 American Society for Nutrition.
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