Document Detail


Asymptomatic colonization by Clostridium difficile in infants: implications for disease in later life.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20512057     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Approximately 60% to 70% of healthy newborns and infants are colonized by the enteric pathogen Clostridium difficile. For reasons that remain obscure, these colonized infants show no ill effects from the potent exotoxins released by this anaerobe, in contrast to older children and adults who are susceptible to severe diarrhea and colitis. The organism is acquired in infancy, as in adults, from environmental contamination in the nursery or home environment. Between 12 and 24 months C difficile is evicted as a commensal, presumably by the gradual development of the adult colonic microflora. The carrier state is well tolerated by infants, and the immunoglobulin G antitoxin response that develops during the carrier state appears to provide durable protection against subsequent C difficile disease.
Authors:
Sushrut Jangi; J Thomas Lamont
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition     Volume:  51     ISSN:  1536-4801     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-28     Completed Date:  2011-01-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211545     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptive Immunity*
Carrier State*
Clostridium difficile* / growth & development,  isolation & purification
Colon / microbiology*
Colony Count, Microbial
Exotoxins
Humans
Immunoglobulin G
Infant
Infant, Newborn*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Exotoxins; 0/Immunoglobulin G

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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