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Asymptomatic Carotid Artery Stenosis: Identification of Subgroups with Different Underlying Plaque Characteristics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22507923     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVES: Optimal surgical treatment of patients with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (ACAS) remains a matter of debate. Established definitions of ACAS include: (1) patients who never suffered from ipsilateral cerebrovascular events (group 1) or (2) patients who suffered from ipsilateral cerebrovascular events more than 6 months prior to revascularisation (group 2). Cerebrovascular symptoms are closely related to underlying carotid plaque composition and therefore we investigated potential plaque differences between these definition-based subgroups. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of a longitudinal prospective biobank study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Carotid atherosclerotic plaques from 264 asymptomatic patients were harvested during endarterectomy, and subjected to histopathological examination. Patients were divided into two groups: group 1: truly asymptomatic (n = 182), and group 2: patients with ipsilateral events more than 6 months before carotid endarterectomy (CEA) (n = 82). RESULTS: Patients in group 1 had relatively more stable plaque characteristics as compared with patients in group 2, with a higher median plaque smooth muscle cell content (2.1 (0.0-18.7) vs. 1.6 (0.0-14.4); P = 0.036), a higher proportion of heavily calcified plaques (67.7% (123/182) vs. 48.8% (40/82); P = 0.005) and less frequently intraplaque haemorrhages (11.5% (21/182) vs. 30.5% (25/82); P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Different plaque characteristics within subgroups of ACAS patients can be identified based on reported past ipsilateral events, which might result in adjusted future treatment strategies.
G W van Lammeren; A G den Hartog; G Pasterkamp; A Vink; J-P P M de Vries; F L Moll; G J de Borst
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2165     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9512728     Medline TA:  Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Vascular Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Experimental Cardiology Laboratory, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
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