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Asymptomatic Aortic Stenosis: The Influence of the Systemic Vasculature on Exercise Time.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22425591     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Changes in the peripheral vasculature occur in patients with aortic stenosis (AS). The aims of the present study were to characterize peripheral arterial waveforms and aortic pulsewave velocity (PWV) in patients with AS and to determine their relationship to exercise time. METHODS: The study included 101 patients with a median age of 68 years (range, 27-84 years) with at least moderate AS. Patients underwent transthoracic echocardiography, an assessment of the radial artery waveform and PWV using a SphygmoCor device, and a treadmill exercise stress test. RESULTS: The mean brachial systolic blood pressure was 143 ± 23 mm Hg in patients with severe AS and 135 ± 15 mm Hg in patients with moderate AS (P = .04). The mean radial augmentation index was 102 ± 20% in patients with severe AS and 89 ± 16% in those with moderate AS (P < .001). The radial augmentation index was related to the effective valve orifice area (R = -0.45, P = .001), the peak transvalvular pressure difference (R = 0.33, P = .001), and the mean transvalvular pressure difference (R = 0.33, P = .001). On univariate analysis, exercise time was related to systemic arterial compliance (R = 0.312, P = .008) and PWV (R = -0.44, P < 0.001). On multivariate analysis, after adjusting for age, AS severity, and PWV, only age was a significant predictor of exercise time (β = -0.46; P = .006; 95% confidence interval, -15 to -3). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with asymptomatic moderate to severe AS, exercise capacity is influenced only by age, not by resting measures of aortic valve stenosis or aortic stiffness.
Authors:
Ronak Rajani; Helen Rimington; Adam Nabeebaccus; Philip Chowienczyk; John B Chambers
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6795     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8801388     Medline TA:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Society of Echocardiography. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom.
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