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Asymmetrical diffusion tensor imaging indices of the rostral substantia nigra in Parkinson's disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22705126     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Motor asymmetry in Parkinson's disease (PD) is evident clinically and on functional neuroimaging, but not reported in diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). We aim to determine if asymmetry in fractional anisotropy (FA) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) can be detected in the substantia nigra (SN) of PD subjects. METHODS: DTI scans were performed on 11 PD and 12 healthy subjects. Regions of interest (ROIs) were drawn by 2 independent raters at the caudal, middle and rostral SN on each side. FA and ADC were extracted from the ROIs. RESULTS: Significant asymmetry was observed in the FA (p < 0.005) and ADC (p < 0.00005) at the rostral SN of PD subjects. The differences in FA and ADC across the left and right rostral SN were significantly different between PD and healthy subjects, p < 0.05 and p < 0.02 respectively. PD subjects had significantly higher ADC at the left rostral SN than healthy subjects (p < 0.01). Significant correlation between the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) motor scores and the FA was noted in the left rostral SN (r = 0.7, p < 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Asymmetry in DTI indices was noted at the rostral SN of PD subjects. The relationship between FA in the SN and UPDRS motor score was studied. Our findings may provide a model for better understanding of the implication of FA reduction in the SN.
Authors:
Bhaskaran David Prakash; Yih-Yian Sitoh; Louis C S Tan; Wing Lok Au
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Parkinsonism & related disorders     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-5126     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9513583     Medline TA:  Parkinsonism Relat Disord     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Neurology, National Neuroscience Institute, Singapore; Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders Centre, National Neuroscience Institute, Singapore.
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