Document Detail


Asymmetric standing posture after stroke is related to a biased egocentric coordinate system.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19414725     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Weakness and somatosensory deficits have long been known to be involved in the postural instability of subjects with stroke. Recently, it has been shown that impaired representations of the orientation of the longitudinal axis of the body (LBA, egocentric reference) and of verticality (allocentric reference) may also play a role. The objective of the present study was to determine whether these two references were independently linked to postural asymmetry in standing stroke patients. METHODS: Twenty-two subjects were tested after a first hemispheric stroke (13 +/- 7.5 weeks). The LBA perception was investigated in the supine position by adjusting the orientation of a luminous rod in the frontal plane to correspond to the subjective LBA. The subjective visual vertical (SVV) was assessed by adjusting the orientation of a luminous line in the frontal plane to correspond to the SVV in upright patients. Weight distribution was measured in the standing position for about 2 minutes and 45 seconds by two separate force platforms under the feet. RESULTS: LBA and SVV were strongly associated (r = 0.7; p < 0.001). The estimate of the LBA was a better predictor (r = -0.52: p < 0.02) of weight bearing asymmetry than was SVV (r = -0.41; p = 0.074) when adjusted for motor weakness and hypoesthesia. CONCLUSION: Contralesional rotation of the longitudinal axis of the body could lead to unequal distribution of loading on the feet. This novel interpretation of weight bearing asymmetry underlines the complexity of control of the erect stance following stroke and brings new perspectives for rehabilitation programs.
Authors:
J Barra; L Oujamaa; V Chauvineau; P Rougier; D Pérennou
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurology     Volume:  72     ISSN:  1526-632X     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurology     Publication Date:  2009 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-05-05     Completed Date:  2009-06-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401060     Medline TA:  Neurology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1582-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratoire de Psychologie et Neurosciences Cognitives, Paris, CNRS, UMR 8189, France.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Brain / blood supply,  pathology,  physiopathology
Female
Humans
Leg / physiopathology
Male
Middle Aged
Movement Disorders / diagnosis,  etiology,  physiopathology*
Muscle, Skeletal / innervation,  physiopathology
Orientation / physiology*
Perceptual Disorders / diagnosis,  etiology,  physiopathology*
Postural Balance / physiology*
Proprioception / physiology
Rotation / adverse effects
Somatosensory Disorders / diagnosis,  etiology,  physiopathology
Space Perception / physiology*
Stroke / complications*
Vision Disorders / diagnosis,  etiology,  physiopathology
Weight-Bearing / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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