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Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) and L-arginine in patients with arteriogenic and non-arteriogenic erectile dysfunction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22519580     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The plasma concentration of asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA), an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, has been linked to endothelial dysfunction. We investigated the relation between ADMA, symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) and L-arginine concentrations and erectile dysfunction. We compared plasma levels of ADMA, SDMA and L-arginine in 61 men in good health with erectile dysfunction of arteriogenic and non-arteriogenic origin. Diagnosis of erectile dysfunction was based on the International Index of Erectile Function Score and its aetiology was classified with penile echo-colour-Doppler in basal condition and after intracavernous injection of prostaglandin E1. The ADMA and SDMA concentrations were significantly higher in men with arteriogenic erectile dysfunction compared with those with erectile dysfunction of non-arteriogenic origin (p < 0.05) and the concentrations in both subgroups were significantly higher than in controls (p < 0.001). There was a negative correlation between ADMA and International Index of Erectile Function Score only in arteriogenic erectile dysfunction subgroup. L-arginine did not differ significantly neither between the two erectile dysfunction subgroups (p > 0.05) nor between each of the two erectile dysfunction subgroups and controls (p > 0.05). The L-arginine/ADMA and the L-arginine/SDMA ratios in arteriogenic erectile dysfunction subgroups were significantly lower than both in controls (p < 0.05) and in non-arteriogenic erectile dysfunction patients (p < 0.05); the two ratios in non-arteriogenic erectile dysfunction patients did not differ from those in the controls (p > 0.05). We conclude that ADMA and SDMA concentrations are significantly higher and L-arginine/ADMA ratio lower in patients who have arteriogenic erectile dysfunction compared with both patients with non-arteriogenic erectile dysfunction and controls. The negative correlation between ADMA and severity of erectile dysfunction is present only in patients with arteriogenic erectile dysfunction. This study supports the importance to always distinguish arteriogenic from non-arteriogenic erectile dysfunction patients to study the complicate erectogenic mechanisms that lead to erectile dysfunction and also to provide potential therapeutic agents for patients with arteriogenic erectile dysfunction.
Authors:
R Paroni; A Barassi; F Ciociola; E Dozio; E Finati; I Fermo; F Ghilardi; G M Colpi; M M Corsi; G V Melzi d'Eril
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of andrology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2605     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8000141     Medline TA:  Int J Androl     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. International Journal of Andrology © 2012 European Academy of Andrology.
Affiliation:
Unita' di Chimica e Biochimica Analitica, Dipartimento di Medicina, Chirurgia e Odontoiatria, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy Laboratorio di Analisi, Dipartimento di Medicina, Chirurgia e Odontoiatria, Ospedale San Paolo, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy Unità di Urologia Andrologica, Ospedale San Paolo, Milano, Italy Dipartimento di Morfologia Umana e Scienze Biomediche "Città Studi", Facoltà di Medicina e Chirurgia, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy Unità di Patologia Clinica, IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, San Donato, Italy Unita' di Tecniche Separative, Istituto Scientifico San Raffaele, Milano, Italy.
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