Document Detail


Asymmetric Processing of Visual Motion for Simultaneous Object and Background Responses.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25454785     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Visual object fixation and figure-ground discrimination in Drosophila are robust behaviors requiring sophisticated computation by the visual system, yet the neural substrates remain unknown. Recent experiments in walking flies revealed object fixation behavior mediated by circuitry independent from the motion-sensitive T4-T5 cells required for wide-field motion responses [1]. In tethered flight experiments under closed-loop conditions, we found similar results for one feedback gain, whereas intact T4-T5 cells were necessary for robust object fixation at a higher feedback gain and in figure-ground discrimination tasks. We implemented dynamical models (available at http://strawlab.org/asymmetric-motion/) based on neurons downstream of T4-T5 cells-one a simple phenomenological model and another, physiologically more realistic model-and found that both predict key features of stripe fixation and figure-ground discrimination and are consistent with a classical formulation [2]. Fundamental to both models is motion asymmetry in the responses of model neurons, whereby front-to-back motion elicits stronger responses than back-to-front motion. When a bilateral pair of such model neurons, based on well-understood horizontal system cells [3, 4], downstream of T4-T5 [5], is coupled to turning behavior, asymmetry leads to object fixation and figure-ground discrimination in the presence of noise. Furthermore, the models also predict fixation in front of a moving background, a behavior previously suggested to require an additional pathway [1]. Thus, the models predict several aspects of object responses on the basis of neurons that are also thought to serve a key role in background stabilization [6-12].
Authors:
Lisa M Fenk; Andreas Poehlmann; Andrew D Straw
Related Documents :
24519595 - Rna and protein metabolism in the particulate fractions of the gametophytes of bracken ...
25226955 - Postural responses during the various frequencies of anteroposterior perturbation.
21391275 - Brain regions involved in human movement perception: a quantitative voxel-based meta-an...
3748565 - Separation of the reflection by the inner limiting membrane.
18319855 - Transmittance of skew rays through metal light pipes.
15077665 - Biomechanical analysis of cervical orthoses in flexion and extension: a comparison of c...
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-11-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current biology : CB     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-0445     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr. Biol.     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-3    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9107782     Medline TA:  Curr Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Balboa Binds to Pickpocket In Vivo and Is Required for Mechanical Nociception in Drosophila Larvae.
Next Document:  Potential disruption of pollination in a sexually deceptive orchid by climatic change.