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Astragaloside IV prevents acute kidney injury in two rodent models by inhibiting oxidative stress and apoptosis pathways.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23325448     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Oxidative stress and apoptosis play key role in the pathogenesis of acute kidney injury (AKI). We hypothesize that Astragaloside IV(AS-IV) prevents AKI through inhibiting oxidative stress and apoptosis. The rats were divided into sham control, saline-,vehicle-, or AS-IV-treated groups. AS-IV (20 mg/kg) was orally administered once daily to the rats for 7 consecutive days before terminating the experiments. In ischemia-induced AKI model, experimental rats were subjected to bilateral clamping of the renal arteries for 45 min, followed by reperfusion for 24 h. In contrast-induced AKI model, iopamidol (2.9 g iodine/kg) was administered intravenously into the rats. Renal function, histopathology, oxidative stress and apoptosis were evaluated in these models. Pretreatment with AS-IV significantly decreased blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, cystatin C and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin levels, as well as urinary kidney injury molecule-1 level and tubular injury. AS-IV also reduced oxidative stress and tubular cell apoptosis. The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphorylation and caspase-3 activity were elevated in kidney tissues from AKI rats, accompanied by an increase in Bax expression and a decrease in Bcl-2 expression at mRNA and protein levels. These changes were prevented by AS-IV pretreatment. Therefore, AS-IV can be developed as a novel therapeutic approach to prevent AKI through targeting inhibition of oxidative stress and apoptosis pathways.
Authors:
Dingkun Gui; Jianhua Huang; Wei Liu; Yongping Guo; Wenzhen Xiao; Niansong Wang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-675X     ISO Abbreviation:  Apoptosis     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9712129     Medline TA:  Apoptosis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Nephrology and Rheumatology, Sixth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China, guidingkun@sina.com.cn.
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