Document Detail

Asthma and hayfever in Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children living in non-remote rural towns.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11476195     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence and risk factors for wheeze, asthma diagnosis and hayfever in Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children living in rural towns in Australia.
DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study in two towns in rural NSW, Australia, 1997.
PARTICIPANTS: Primary school children (aged 7-12 years) classified by their parents as being of Aboriginal (n = 158) or of non-Aboriginal (n = 1,282) origin.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Atopy measured by skinprick tests and respiratory symptoms measured by parent-completed questionnaire.
RESULTS: Aboriginal children were less likely to be atopic (36.2% v 45.6%; 95% CI for the difference, -17.6 to -1.3) and to have hayfever (23.3% v 35.2%; 95% CI for the difference, -19.1 to -4.6) than non-Aboriginal children, but were equally likely to have had wheeze (31.0% v 27.3%) and asthma (39.4% v 39.3%). Among Aboriginal children, having had bronchitis before age two was a strong risk factor for wheeze (adjusted odds ratio (aOR), 9.3; 95% CI, 2.8-30.2) and asthma (aOR, 19.3; 95% CI, 4.7-79.3) and having a parent with hayfever was a strong risk factor for hayfever (aOR, 17.9; 95% CI, 3.5-90.8), but these risk factors were weaker among non-Aboriginal children.
CONCLUSIONS: Asthma and wheeze are equally prevalent in Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children living in the same towns, but appear to have a different aetiology.
S H Downs; G B Marks; E G Belosouva; J K Peat
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Medical journal of Australia     Volume:  175     ISSN:  0025-729X     ISO Abbreviation:  Med. J. Aust.     Publication Date:  2001 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-07-30     Completed Date:  2001-08-09     Revised Date:  2014-07-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400714     Medline TA:  Med J Aust     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  10-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Asthma / drug therapy,  epidemiology*,  etiology
Cross-Sectional Studies
New South Wales / epidemiology
Oceanic Ancestry Group*
Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal / epidemiology*
Risk Factors
Rural Health*
Reg. No./Substance:
Comment In:
Med J Aust. 2001 Jul 2;175(1):4-5   [PMID:  11476204 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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