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Asthma, allergy and respiratory infections: the vitamin D hypothesis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21933195     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To cite this article: Bozzetto S, Carraro S, Giordano G, Boner A, Baraldi E. Asthma, allergy, and respiratory infections: the vitamin D hypothesis. Allergy 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2011.02711.x. ABSTRACT: The recent discovery that every tissue in the human body has vitamin D receptors and that vitamin D has pleiotropic effects has prompted an increased interest in this hormone. Vitamin D deficiency is widespread and on the increase. There is no consensus on the serum vitamin D levels to consider appropriate for global health, the cutoffs for its deficiency, or the doses to use for its supplementation. Vitamin D seems to correlate closely with host reactions against various respiratory infections. Epidemiological studies have shown that low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels are associated with a higher risk of upper and lower respiratory infections in children and a shortage of vitamin D may contribute to asthmatic patients' symptoms and morbidity rates. There are studies highlighting associations between childhood asthma, fetal lung and/or immune development, and maternal vitamin D intake. An insufficiency of this vitamin also seems to be implicated in the onset of childhood atopy and food allergies. The hypothesis is that vitamin D could have a central role in these pathological situations and that it may represent a novel preventive and/or therapeutic strategy. This article reviews and discusses published data on the relationship between vitamin D and asthma and allergy, emphasizing the need for controlled, prospective studies on vitamin D supplementation to clarify whether it has a role in the prevention of and treatment for asthma and allergic conditions.
Authors:
S Bozzetto; S Carraro; G Giordano; A Boner; E Baraldi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Allergy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1398-9995     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7804028     Medline TA:  Allergy     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Affiliation:
Allergy Unit and Respiratory Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Padova, Padova Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital, Verona, Italy.
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