Document Detail

Asthma and allergy in Turkish university students: Two cross-sectional surveys 5 years apart.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11834185     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: prevalence of asthma and allergic diseases is increasing worldwide. We investigated the first-year university students to a) determine prevalence of asthma, and allergic diseases, b) compare prevalence with a similar study conducted in 1994, and c) investigate determinants of asthma, current wheeze and seasonal rhinitis. METHODS: an ECRHS based questionnaire was distributed to 5,406 students and completed by 4,639 (response: 85.3 %) in september 1999. Information from the students residing in Turkey was used in the analyses (1,800 boys, 2,712 girls). RESULTS: prevalence % of asthma (symptom and/or medicine), current wheeze and seasonal rhinitis were 2.1, 6.9 and 12.7 in boys, and 2.5, 7.2 and 14.5 in girls. Current smoking, pet ownership and family atopy was reported more frecuently in 1999 than 1994. Cough and seasonal rhinitis increased almost twofold. Asthma diagnosis and attack rate was similar in 1999 and 1994. Family atopy, pet in childhood, smoking and passive smoking in childhood increased the risk of asthma, and current wheeze. Family atopy, passive smoking and current pet ownership increased the risk of seasonal rhinitis. CONCLUSION: increased rate of smoking and pet ownership could contribute to the increased prevalence of asthma and allergic diseases in the last 5 years.
A F Kalyoncu; A U Demir; B Ozcakar; B Bozkurt; M Artvinli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Allergologia et immunopathologia     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0301-0546     ISO Abbreviation:  Allergol Immunopathol (Madr)     Publication Date:    2001 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-02-08     Completed Date:  2002-04-08     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370073     Medline TA:  Allergol Immunopathol (Madr)     Country:  Spain    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  264-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Hacettepe University Hospital, Departments of Chest Diseases, Adult Allergy Unit, Ankara, Turkey.
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MeSH Terms
Animals, Domestic
Asthma / epidemiology*,  genetics
Cross-Sectional Studies
Drug Hypersensitivity / epidemiology
Family Health
Hypersensitivity / epidemiology*,  genetics
Hypersensitivity, Immediate / genetics
Morbidity / trends
Respiratory Sounds
Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal / epidemiology
Risk Factors
Sex Distribution
Smoking / epidemiology
Tobacco Smoke Pollution / statistics & numerical data
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Tobacco Smoke Pollution

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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