Document Detail

Assumptions in borderline personality disorder: specificity, stability and relationship with etiological factors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10372468     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The specificity and stability of a set of assumptions hypothesized to be characteristic of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) was investigated. BPD patients (n = 16) were compared to cluster-C personality disorder patients (n = 12) and to normal controls (n = 15). All subjects were female and diagnosed with SCID-I and -II. Subjects rated a short version of the Personality Disorder Beliefs Questionnaire (PDBQ), with six sets of 20 assumptions each, hypothesized to be characteristic of avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive, paranoid, histrionic and borderline personality disorder. The BPD assumptions (Cronbach alpha = 0.95) proved to be the most specific to BPD patients. Subjects rated the shortened PDBQ again after viewing an emotional video fragment one week later. Despite increased negative emotions, the PDBQ ratings remained relatively stable. Confirming the cognitive hypothesis, regression analyses indicated that the BPD assumptions mediate the relationship between self-reported etiological factors from childhood (sexual abuse and emotional/physical abuse) and BPD pathology assessed with the SCID-II. It is suggested that a set of assumptions is characteristic of BPD, and is relatively stable despite the instability of the behaviour of people diagnosed as having BPD.
A Arntz; R Dietzel; L Dreessen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behaviour research and therapy     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0005-7967     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav Res Ther     Publication Date:  1999 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-07-06     Completed Date:  1999-07-06     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372477     Medline TA:  Behav Res Ther     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  545-57     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medical, Clinical and Experimental Psychology, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Borderline Personality Disorder / diagnosis*,  etiology,  psychology
Child Abuse / psychology*
Dependent Personality Disorder / diagnosis,  psychology
Diagnosis, Differential
Histrionic Personality Disorder / diagnosis,  psychology
Middle Aged
Models, Psychological
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder / diagnosis,  psychology
Paranoid Personality Disorder / diagnosis,  psychology
Personality Disorders / diagnosis,  psychology
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Reproducibility of Results
Sensitivity and Specificity

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