Document Detail


Associative learning and elemental representation: II. Generalization and discrimination.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12391785     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This paper follows on from an earlier companion paper (McLaren & Mackintosh, 2000), in which we further developed the elemental associative theory put forward in McLaren, Kaye, and Mackintosh (1989). Here, we begin by explicating the idea that stimuli can be represented as patterns of activation distributed across a set of units and that different stimuli activate partially overlapping sets (the degree of overlap being proportional to the similarity of the stimuli). A consequence of this view is that the overall level of activity of some of the units representing a stimulus may be dependent on the nature of the other stimuli present at the same time. This allows an elemental analysis in which provision for the representation of configurations of stimuli is made. A selective review of studies of generalization and discrimination learning, including peak shift, transfer along a continuum, configural discrimination, and summation, suggests that the principles embodied in this class of theory deserve careful consideration and will form part of any successful model of associative learning in humans or animals. There are some phenomena that require an elemental/associative explanation.
Authors:
I P L McLaren; N J Mackintosh
Related Documents :
19193775 - Two distinct mechanisms shape the reliability of neural responses.
3999035 - Behaviour of motor units of human arm muscles: differences between slow isometric contr...
12391785 - Associative learning and elemental representation: ii. generalization and discrimination.
3236065 - Time course of mechanosensitivity changes in articular afferents during a developing ex...
21084195 - Identifying gait events without a force plate during running: a comparison of methods.
23890645 - Reliability of cut mark analysis in human costal cartilage: the effects of blade penetr...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Animal learning & behavior     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0090-4996     ISO Abbreviation:  Anim Learn Behav     Publication Date:  2002 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-10-23     Completed Date:  2002-11-19     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0357415     Medline TA:  Anim Learn Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  177-200     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England. iplm2@cus.cam.ac.uk
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Association Learning*
Discrimination (Psychology)*
Generalization (Psychology)*
Humans
Models, Psychological

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Use of dacron vascular prosthesis impregnated with salts of silver, in treatment of extraanatomical ...
Next Document:  Alternating exposure to two compound flavors creates inhibitory associations between their unique fe...