Document Detail

Associations between tobacco smoking and illicit drug use among methadone-maintained opiate-dependent individuals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10743909     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Tobacco chippers are individuals who smoke regularly yet are not nicotine dependent. In the present study, the authors examined the prevalence of tobacco chipping among methadone-maintained opiate abusers. Furthermore, the authors examined associations between tobacco and illicit substance use by comparing heavy smokers, tobacco chippers, and nonsmokers. Results demonstrate that tobacco chipping occurs among methadone-maintained individuals. Illicit substance use, measured through urine toxicology, was found to increase in a stepwise fashion from nonsmokers, to chippers, to heavy smokers. Smoking status (nonsmoker, chipper, heavy smoker) proved a more powerful predictor of cocaine and opiate use than daily methadone dose. Findings lend support to existing evidence suggesting associations between tobacco and opiate and cocaine use and strongly suggest that smoking cessation should be offered to all methadone-maintained individuals.
D L Frosch; S Shoptaw; D Nahom; M E Jarvik
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental and clinical psychopharmacology     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1064-1297     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp Clin Psychopharmacol     Publication Date:  2000 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-06-02     Completed Date:  2000-06-02     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9419066     Medline TA:  Exp Clin Psychopharmacol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  97-103     Citation Subset:  IM    
Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University, California, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Carbon Monoxide / metabolism
Cotinine / urine
Methadone / therapeutic use*
Narcotics / therapeutic use*
Opioid-Related Disorders / complications*,  psychology,  rehabilitation*
Retrospective Studies
Smoking / psychology*
Socioeconomic Factors
Substance-Related Disorders / complications,  psychology*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Narcotics; 486-56-6/Cotinine; 630-08-0/Carbon Monoxide; 76-99-3/Methadone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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