Document Detail


Associations between term birth dimensions and prenatal exposure to essential and trans fatty acids.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19477608     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Certain essential long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) are considered important for fetal growth and brain development, whereas industrial trans fatty acids (mainly 18:1trans) have been associated with negative effects. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between term birth dimensions and prenatal exposure to some of these fatty acids, reflected by neonatal fatty acid concentrations at birth. METHODS: Data of up to 700 infant-mother pairs from the Maastricht Essential Fatty Acid Birth Cohort were used for the present study. Unadjusted and multivariable-adjusted linear regression analyses were performed to investigate associations between birth weight, birth length or head circumference and relative concentrations of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), arachidonic acid (AA), dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA) and trans-octadecenoic acids (18:1t) measured in phospholipids of the walls of umbilical arteries and veins, and in umbilical cord plasma and erythrocytes. RESULTS: After optimal adjustment, a significant negative association was observed between birth weight and umbilical plasma DHA concentrations. Negative associations were also found for AA concentrations measured in umbilical plasma and in arterial and venous vessel walls. Birth length was negatively related to arterial vessel wall AA concentrations only. A significant negative association was observed for the relationship between 18:1t in cord erythrocytes and birth weight. For DGLA no significant associations were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Results seem to preclude a role of DHA and AA as growth factors per se. Their negative relationships with birth dimensions may result from a limited maternal-fetal LCPUFA transfer capacity. Potential effects of 18:1t and DGLA on birth dimensions are probably small or non-existing.
Authors:
Chantal E H Dirix; Arnold D Kester; Gerard Hornstra
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-05-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Early human development     Volume:  85     ISSN:  1872-6232     ISO Abbreviation:  Early Hum. Dev.     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-31     Completed Date:  2009-11-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708381     Medline TA:  Early Hum Dev     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  525-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic Acid / blood
Adult
Arachidonic Acid / blood
Birth Weight / drug effects*
Cohort Studies
Docosahexaenoic Acids / blood
Fatty Acids, Essential / blood*
Female
Fetal Blood / chemistry*
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Male
Maternal-Fetal Exchange*
Pregnancy
Trans Fatty Acids / toxicity*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids, Essential; 0/Trans Fatty Acids; 25167-62-8/Docosahexaenoic Acids; 506-32-1/Arachidonic Acid; 7324-41-6/8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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