Document Detail


Associations between perceptions of school connectedness and adolescent health risk behaviors in South african high school learners.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23879780     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the relationship between school connectedness and health risk behaviors, specifically, substance abuse, violence-related behaviors, sexual risk behaviors, and suicidal ideation among school-going adolescents. School connectedness was understood to encompass a range of aspects pertaining to a learner's sense of belonging to the school. We hypothesized that strong perceptions of school connectedness will more likely be associated with lower levels of risk behaviors among school-going adolescents.
METHODS: The study was conducted in 2 neighboring public co-educational schools in Durban, South Africa. Independent measures assessed school connectedness, substance abuse, violence-related behaviors, sexual risk behaviors, and suicidal ideation.
RESULTS: Strong negative correlations were found between adolescents' perceptions of school connectedness and the 4 health risk behaviors, particularly suicidal ideation. The relative importance of risk factors was also evidenced in the sample.
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents with lower perceptions of school connectedness were more likely to engage in various risk behaviors, supporting the literature that a lack of school connectedness can act as a risk factor for adolescent involvement in clustering of risk behaviors. Further the relative weighting of individual risk factors, it is argued, was an effect of the sociocultural context of the study.
Authors:
Kaymarlin Govender; Sara Naomi Naicker; Anna Meyer-Weitz; Joanne Fanner; Avanya Naidoo; Wendy Leigh Penfold
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of school health     Volume:  83     ISSN:  1746-1561     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sch Health     Publication Date:  2013 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-07-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376370     Medline TA:  J Sch Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  614-22     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Copyright Information:
© 2013, American School Health Association.
Affiliation:
Senior Lecturer, (govenderk2@ukzn.ac.za), School of Psychology, Howard College, University of KwaZulu-Natal, King George V Avenue, Durban 4001, South Africa.; Research Director, (govenderk2@ukzn.ac.za), Health Economics and HIV/AIDS Research Division (HEARD), University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, J block, Level 4, University Road, Durban 4001, South Africa.
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