Document Detail

Associations between pain and current smoking status among cancer patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21168758     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
There is growing empirical and clinical interest in purported associations between smoking and the aggravation of cancer symptoms and treatment side effects, such as pain. Both pain and smoking are highly prevalent among persons with cancer, and there is recent evidence to suggest that cancer patients who continue to smoke despite their diagnosis experience greater pain than nonsmokers. Accordingly, the main goal of this cross-sectional study was to examine associations between multiple levels of smoking status and several pain-related outcomes among a sample of 224 cancer patients about to begin chemotherapy. Patients completed self-report measures of pain severity, pain-related distress, and pain-related interference, as well as a demographics questionnaire. Results indicated that persons who continued to smoke despite being diagnosed with cancer reported more severe pain than never smokers, F (2, 215)=3.47, p<.05. Current smokers also reported greater interference from pain than either former or never smokers, F (2, 215)=5.61, p<.01. Among former smokers, an inverse relation between pain severity and the number of years since quitting smoking was observed, r (104)=-.26, p<.01. These data suggest that continued smoking despite a cancer diagnosis is associated with greater pain severity and interference from pain; however, future research is warranted to determine the directionality of this relationship.
Joseph W Ditre; Brian D Gonzalez; Vani N Simmons; Leigh Anne Faul; Thomas H Brandon; Paul B Jacobsen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pain     Volume:  152     ISSN:  1872-6623     ISO Abbreviation:  Pain     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-20     Completed Date:  2011-04-14     Revised Date:  2013-07-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7508686     Medline TA:  Pain     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  60-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 International Association for the Study of Pain. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Department of Psychology, Texas A&M University, TX, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Drug Therapy / adverse effects
Neoplasms / epidemiology*,  psychology*,  therapy
Pain / complications,  etiology,  psychology*
Pain Management
Pain Measurement
Smoking / psychology*
Smoking Cessation / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Statistics as Topic
Grant Support
F31 DA023728/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; F31 DA023728/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; F31 DA023728-02/DA/NIDA NIH HHS
Comment In:
Pain. 2011 Jan;152(1):10-1   [PMID:  21168757 ]

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