Document Detail


Associations between intake of added sugars and intakes of nutrients and food groups in the diets of German children and adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12908906     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of the present analysis was to evaluate the effect of intake of added sugars on intakes of nutrients and food groups. We used a mixed linear model (PROC MIXED) to analyse data from the Dortmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed (DONALD) study (an ongoing longitudinal cohort study between infancy and adulthood). Between July 1985 and August 2001, 3 d weighed dietary records (n 4993) from 849 children and adolescents (416 male, 433 female) aged 2-18 years were collected and evaluated. Overall mean intake of added sugars was 12.4 (SD 5.3) (median 12.0) % energy. Fat intake (% energy) and intake of all analysed nutrients (as % reference values for nutrient intakes) fell across quintiles 1-5 of energy intake from added sugars (P<0.001). With the exception of 'Sugary foods' and 'Beverages' (significant increase, P<0.0001) and 'Dairy' (NS), intake of all other food groups decreased with increasing intake of added sugars (P<0.0001). In conclusion, we found a slight, but statistically significant, nutrient-dilution effect of added sugars and a significant reduction in intake of important nutrient-bearing food groups. However, the DONALD study gives no clear indicator on grounds of micronutrient dilution for a quantitative limit on intake of added sugars.
Authors:
Ute Alexy; Wolfgang Sichert-Hellert; Mathilde Kersting
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of nutrition     Volume:  90     ISSN:  0007-1145     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2003 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-08-11     Completed Date:  2003-09-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372547     Medline TA:  Br J Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  441-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Research Institute of Child Nutrition (FKE), Dortmund, Germany. alexy@fke-do.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Beverages
Calcium / administration & dosage
Child
Child, Preschool
Dairy Products
Diet*
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage*
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
Energy Intake / physiology
Female
Folic Acid / administration & dosage
Germany
Humans
Iron / administration & dosage
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Vitamins / administration & dosage
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Fats; 0/Vitamins; 59-30-3/Folic Acid; 7439-89-6/Iron; 7440-70-2/Calcium
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Br J Nutr. 2003 Aug;90(2):245-7   [PMID:  12908884 ]

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