Document Detail

Associations between flavored milk consumption and changes in weight and body composition over time: differences among normal and overweight children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23031848     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Few studies have investigated the associations between flavored milk consumption and body composition in children. We aimed to examine the prospective relationships between flavored milk consumption and body fat.
SUBJECTS/METHODS: Subjects included 2270 children from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Flavored milk consumption at age 10 years was assessed using dietary records; consumption was dichotomized as consumers and non-consumers. Percent body fat was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at 11 and 13 years. Body weight at 11 and 13 years was included as a secondary outcome. Associations were also examined in a subset of plausible reporters to evaluate the influence of dietary reporting errors. There was an effect of interaction between flavored milk and baseline weight on body fat (P-interaction <0.02).
RESULTS: In plausible reporters, overweight/obese children who consumed flavored milk had less favorable changes in body fat compared with non-consumers (adjusted means: -0.16%, 95% CI: -3.8, 3.5 vs -3.4%, 95% CI: -6.5, -0.42, P=0.02). Similar associations with body weight were observed. The adjusted mean percent body fat for overweight/obese girls who consumed flavored milk was greater at age 13 compared with 11 years (39.7%, 95% CI: 32, 47 vs 38.3%, 95% CI: 32, 44). The mean percent body fat for overweight/obese boys was similar between consumers and non-consumer is at 13 years (30.4%, 95% CI: 20, 41 vs 30.1%, 95% CI: 21, 40).
CONCLUSIONS: Overweight/obese children who consumed flavored milk had less favorable changes in body composition over time. Although more research is needed, discouraging flavored milk consumption may be one beneficial strategy to address childhood obesity.
S E Noel; A R Ness; K Northstone; P Emmett; P K Newby
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-10-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  67     ISSN:  1476-5640     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-06     Completed Date:  2013-09-16     Revised Date:  2014-02-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804070     Medline TA:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  295-300     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Absorptiometry, Photon
Adipose Tissue
Body Composition*
Body Weight
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet Records
Flavoring Agents / administration & dosage*
Longitudinal Studies
Milk / chemistry*
Multivariate Analysis
Obesity / epidemiology*
Overweight / epidemiology*
Prospective Studies
Grant Support
092731//Wellcome Trust; G9815508//Medical Research Council; R01 HL071248-01A/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; //Medical Research Council; //Wellcome Trust
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Flavoring Agents

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