Document Detail


Associations between cardiopulmonary variables and the cerebrospinal fluid signal-void sign in small-breed dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19697599     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) signal-void sign is a CSF signal loss, especially on T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images. The CSF signal-void sign is often seen in small dogs with hydrocephalus and syringomyelia. In people, this sign is attributed to high velocity or turbulent CSF flow resulting from normal arterial pulsations, but is more pronounced in hydrocephalic patients with reduced intracranial compliance. If dogs are similar, then detection of this sign might be influenced by cardiovascular variables affected by anesthesia or related to intracranial compliance (e.g., blood pressure) or that affect CSF flow (e.g., heart rate). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate whether the CSF signal-void sign is associated with these cardiovascular variables. The sample population consisted of 53 small-breed (< 15kg) anesthetized dogs undergoing spin echo, T2-weighted MR imaging of the neurocranium. Heart rate, blood pressure (systolic, mean, diastolic, pulse), and end-tidal CO2 were recorded and dogs were grouped as having a CSF signal-void sign in the mesencephalic aqueduct (19/53) or not (34/53). Normality was confirmed and t-tests used. No statistical difference was detected between groups for any of the cardiovascular variables. However, the sample size was too small to accept the null hypothesis that no difference existed between groups for any of the variables assessed. Therefore, although it is uncertain whether the investigated variables alter the frequency of detecting a CSF signal-void sign, any possible relationship does not appear strong.
Authors:
Sean R Freer; Peter V Scrivani; Hollis N Erb
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary radiology & ultrasound : the official journal of the American College of Veterinary Radiology and the International Veterinary Radiology Association     Volume:  50     ISSN:  1058-8183     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:    2009 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-08-24     Completed Date:  2009-10-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9209635     Medline TA:  Vet Radiol Ultrasound     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  360-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Brain / physiology*
Cerebrospinal Fluid / physiology*
Dogs / physiology*
Female
Hemodynamics*
Magnetic Resonance Imaging / veterinary*
Male

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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