Document Detail

Associations between neighborhood availability and individual consumption of dark-green and orange vegetables among ethnically diverse adults in Detroit.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21272702     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Diets rich in dark-green and orange vegetables have been associated with a reduction in chronic diseases. However, most Americans do not consume the number of daily servings recommended by the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. An increasing number of studies suggest that changes to the neighborhood food environment may be critical to achieving population-wide improvements in eating. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between observed neighborhood availability and individual consumption of dark-green and orange vegetables among low- to moderate-income and ethnically diverse adults in Detroit. This study used a cross-sectional design that drew upon a 2002-2003 community survey and 2002 in-person audit of food stores. A total of 919 adults (mean age 46.3 years, 52.2% female) including African Americans (56.7 %), Latinos (22.2%), and whites (18.7%) residing in three Detroit communities participated in the survey. Two-level weighted, hierarchical linear regression was used to analyze the data. On average, survey respondents ate 0.61 daily servings of dark-green and orange vegetables. Residents of neighborhoods with no stores carrying five or more varieties of dark-green and orange vegetables were associated with an average of 0.17 fewer daily servings of these foods compared with residents of neighborhoods with two stores carrying five or more varieties of dark-green and orange vegetables (P=0.047). These findings suggest that living in a neighborhood with multiple opportunities to purchase dark-green and orange vegetables may make an important contribution toward meeting recommended intakes.
Betty T Izumi; Shannon N Zenk; Amy J Schulz; Graciela B Mentz; Christine Wilson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Volume:  111     ISSN:  1878-3570     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Diet Assoc     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-28     Completed Date:  2011-03-02     Revised Date:  2013-06-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503061     Medline TA:  J Am Diet Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  274-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 American Dietetic Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
School of Community Health, College of Urban and Public Affairs, Portland State University, 506 SW Mill St, Ste 450, Portland, OR 97201, USA.
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MeSH Terms
African Americans / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Cross-Sectional Studies
Ethnic Groups / psychology*,  statistics & numerical data
European Continental Ancestry Group / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Food Habits* / ethnology,  psychology
Food Supply / statistics & numerical data*
Health Behavior / ethnology
Hispanic Americans / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Linear Models
Middle Aged
Nutrition Surveys
Residence Characteristics / statistics & numerical data
Urban Population / statistics & numerical data
Vegetables / supply & distribution*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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