Document Detail


Associations among body size dissatisfaction, perceived dietary control, and diet history in African American and European American women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19778748     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
European American (EA) women report greater body dissatisfaction and less dietary control than do African American (AA) women. This study investigated whether ethnic differences in dieting history contributed to differences in body dissatisfaction and dietary control, or to differential changes that may occur during weight loss and regain. Eighty-nine EA and AA women underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to measure body composition and completed questionnaires to assess body dissatisfaction and dietary control before, after, and one year following, a controlled weight-loss intervention. While EA women reported a more extensive dieting history than AA women, this difference did not contribute to ethnic differences in body dissatisfaction and perceived dietary control. During weight loss, body satisfaction improved more for AA women, and during weight regain, dietary self-efficacy worsened to a greater degree for EA women. Ethnic differences in dieting history did not contribute significantly to these differential changes. Although ethnic differences in body image and dietary control are evident prior to weight loss, and some change differentially by ethnic group during weight loss and regain, differences in dieting history do not contribute significantly to ethnic differences in body image and dietary control.
Authors:
Paula C Chandler-Laney; Gary R Hunter; Nikki C Bush; Jessica A Alvarez; Jane L Roy; Nuala M Byrne; Barbara A Gower
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2009-07-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Eating behaviors     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1873-7358     ISO Abbreviation:  Eat Behav     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-25     Completed Date:  2009-11-03     Revised Date:  2014-03-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101090048     Medline TA:  Eat Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  202-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
African Americans*
Analysis of Variance
Body Image*
Body Mass Index
Body Size
Body Weight / ethnology
Diet Therapy
European Continental Ancestry Group*
Exercise
Feeding Behavior / ethnology*
Female
Humans
Questionnaires
Self Concept
Weight Loss / ethnology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DK056336/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; DK082028/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; DK51684/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; M01 RR00032/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; R01 DK051684/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R01 DK051684-12/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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