Document Detail


Association of work status and mental well-being in new mothers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11852464     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The present study was to consider the relationship between work status and mental well-being of women at six weeks postpartum. One hundred and eighty-eight employed mothers and 82 unemployed mothers were recruited from the Kaohsiung city area in southern Taiwan to participate in this study. Five instruments were used to collect data: the demographic data form, Cohen's perceived stress scale, Cohen's interpersonal support evaluation list, Coopersmith's self-esteem inventory, and the Beck depression inventory. In results, unemployed mothers were younger, had fewer years of education, and lower socioeconomic status than employed mothers. To adjust for these differences in group characteristics, one-way analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was performed to determine the role of work on mental health factors. Unemployed mothers were found to be at significantly increased risk for depression in terms of prevalence and severity. They also showed significantly greater stress, reduced social support and lowered self-esteem. That employment is mentally beneficial for post-partum women may be due to increased financial resources and provision of additional stress release outlets, social support resources and opportunities for affirmation of personal worth. Since this study is cross-sectional, some reasonable alternative causal explanations for these data were also discussed.
Authors:
C H Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1607-551X     ISO Abbreviation:  Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci.     Publication Date:  2001 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-02-20     Completed Date:  2002-03-07     Revised Date:  2006-08-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100960562     Medline TA:  Kaohsiung J Med Sci     Country:  China (Republic: 1949- )    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  570-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
College of Nursing, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. m735007@kmu.edu.tw
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Employment*
Female
Humans
Mental Health*
Postpartum Period / psychology*
Self Concept
Social Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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