Document Detail

Association of socioeconomic position and medical insurance with fetal diagnosis of critical congenital heart disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20031861     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Access to beneficial novel healthcare technology has been inequitable in the United States. Fetal echocardiography, used with increasing frequency for prenatal diagnosis (PD) of congenital heart disease, allows for optimal neonatal management and possible improved outcomes. We sought to evaluate whether PD of critical congenital heart disease is related to socioeconomic (SE) position, medical insurance, and race. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a retrospective review of infants with critical congenital heart disease who underwent surgical or catheter intervention at age <30 days in our institution during 2003 to 2006, we extracted 6 SE variables for the block groups of patient residence from 2000 US Census and calculated a previously validated composite SE score for each patient. PD occurred in 222 (50%) infants. Race was not significantly associated with PD. Private insurance patients were much more likely to have PD (odds ratio, 3.7 versus public insurance; 95% CI, 2.4 to 5.7; P<0.001), as were patients of higher SE position (PD, 62% in highest quartile versus 35% in lowest quartile; P=0.001). Odds of PD increased with increasing SE score (odds ratio, 1.7, 2.3, and 2.9 for each quartile of higher SE score versus those in lowest SE quartile; P<0.001). Patients from economically poor neighborhoods were less likely to have PD (odds ratio, 1.2 for each 10% increase in prevalence of poverty; P=0.04). Private medical insurance (odds ratio, 3.4; 95% CI, 2.1 to 5.5; P<0.001) was the strongest predictor of PD in the logistic regression model. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with public insurance and lower SE position are less likely to have a PD of critical congenital heart disease.
Vasum Peiris; Tajinder P Singh; Wayne Tworetzky; Erin C Chong; Kimberlee Gauvreau; David W Brown
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-06-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation. Cardiovascular quality and outcomes     Volume:  2     ISSN:  1941-7705     ISO Abbreviation:  Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes     Publication Date:  2009 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-24     Completed Date:  2010-03-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101489148     Medline TA:  Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  354-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiology, Children's Hospital Boston, and Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Continental Population Groups / statistics & numerical data
Echocardiography / statistics & numerical data
Fetal Diseases / diagnosis*,  epidemiology*
Health Services Accessibility / statistics & numerical data*
Heart Defects, Congenital / diagnosis*,  epidemiology*
Infant, Newborn
Insurance, Health / statistics & numerical data*
Logistic Models
Multivariate Analysis
Poverty / statistics & numerical data
Retrospective Studies
Socioeconomic Factors
Ultrasonography, Prenatal / statistics & numerical data
United States / epidemiology
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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