Document Detail

Association of rear seat safety belt use with death in a traffic crash: a matched cohort study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17567974     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association of rear seat safety belt use with death in a traffic crash.
DESIGN: Matched cohort study.
SETTING: The US during 2000 through 2004.
SUBJECTS: Drivers (10,427) and rear seat passengers (15,922) in passenger vehicles that crashed and had at least one driver or rear passenger death. Data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The adjusted relative risk (aRR) of death for a belted rear seat passenger compared with an otherwise similar unbelted rear passenger.
RESULTS: Safety belt use was associated with a reduced risk of death for rear car occupants: outboard rear seat aRR 0.42 (95% CI 0.38 to 0.46), and center rear seat aRR 0.30 (95% CI 0.20 to 0.44). For rear occupants of light trucks, vans, and utility vehicles, the estimates were: outboard aRR 0.25 (95% CI 0.21 to 0.29), center aRR 0.34 (95% CI 0.24 to 0.48).
CONCLUSIONS: If the authors' estimates are causal, traffic crash mortality can be reduced for rear occupants by approximately 55-75% if they use safety belts.
Motao Zhu; Peter Cummings; Haitao Chu; Lawrence J Cook
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Injury prevention : journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1353-8047     ISO Abbreviation:  Inj. Prev.     Publication Date:  2007 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-06-14     Completed Date:  2008-01-08     Revised Date:  2013-06-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9510056     Medline TA:  Inj Prev     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  183-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Bureau of Injury Prevention, New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York 12204, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Accidents, Traffic / mortality*,  statistics & numerical data
Automobile Driving / statistics & numerical data*
Health Behavior
Middle Aged
Mortality / trends
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Seat Belts / statistics & numerical data,  utilization*
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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