Document Detail

Association of race, body fat and season with vitamin D status among young women: a cross-sectional study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18331609     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to provide an estimate of vitamin D status in young women residing in south-east Texas and to determine factors that predict 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) concentration. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 800 non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic women 16-33 years of age, who were seen in an outpatient clinic. MEASUREMENTS: Information was obtained on race, smoking, exercise and dietary intake of vitamin D. Percentage total body fat (%TBF) was assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Exposure to sunlight was estimated by examining national records of temperature, hours of daylight and UV index for the latitude of the study site. To determine the relationship between 25-OHD and %TBF, season, race, body mass index (BMI), dietary vitamin D, age and smoking in a multivariate context, stepwise linear regression analysis was performed. RESULTS: Serum 25-OHD levels differed among the racial groups (all pairwise differences P < 0.001), with the lowest value among non-Hispanic blacks (37.7 nmol/l) and the highest value among non-Hispanic whites (71.8 nmol/l). Among Hispanics, mean serum 25-OHD was 47.9 nmol/l. Serum 25-OHD was negatively associated with %TBF (r = -0.28), BMF (r = -0.36) and TBF (r = -0.33), all P < 0.001, and positively associated with dietary vitamin D (r = 0.10) and pack years of smoking (r = 0.11), both P < 0.01. In the summer months, serum 25-OHD values were higher (55.4 nmol/l) than in the winter months (48.1 nmol/l), P < 0.001. The final regression model predicting serum 25-OHD levels included race, %TBF and season (all P < 0.05) and explained 36% of the variance in 25-OHD. CONCLUSIONS: Favourable environmental conditions do not result in sufficient vitamin D status for young women, especially non-Hispanic blacks, Hispanics and the obese.
Kevin McKinney; Carmen Radecki Breitkopf; Abbey B Berenson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2008-03-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical endocrinology     Volume:  69     ISSN:  1365-2265     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Endocrinol. (Oxf)     Publication Date:  2008 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-09-29     Completed Date:  2009-08-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0346653     Medline TA:  Clin Endocrinol (Oxf)     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  535-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77550-0587, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Body Fat Distribution* / statistics & numerical data
Continental Population Groups* / statistics & numerical data
Cross-Sectional Studies
Eating / physiology
Motor Activity / physiology
Texas / epidemiology
Vitamin D / blood*
Vitamin D Deficiency / blood,  epidemiology,  ethnology
Young Adult
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
1406-16-2/Vitamin D

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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