Document Detail


Association of physical examination with pulmonary artery catheter parameters in acute lung injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19885995     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To correlate physical examination findings, central venous pressure, fluid output, and central venous oxygen saturation with pulmonary artery catheter parameters. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Data from the multicenter Fluid and Catheter Treatment Trial of the National Institutes of Health Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network. PATIENTS: Five hundred thirteen patients with acute lung injury randomized to treatment with a pulmonary artery catheter. INTERVENTIONS: Correlation of physical examination findings (capillary refill time >2 secs, knee mottling, or cool extremities), central venous pressure, fluid output, and central venous oxygen saturation with parameters from a pulmonary artery catheter. MEASUREMENTS: We determined association of baseline physical examination findings and on-study parameters of central venous pressure and central venous oxygen saturation with cardiac index <2.5 L/min/m2 and mixed venous oxygen saturation <60%. We determined correlation of baseline central venous oxygen saturation and mixed venous oxygen saturation and predictive value of a low central venous oxygen saturation for a low mixed venous oxygen saturation. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Prevalence of cardiac index <2.5 and mixed venous oxygen saturation <60% was 8.1% and 15.5%, respectively. Baseline presence of all three physical examination findings had low sensitivity (12% and 8%), high specificity (98% and 99%), low positive predictive value (40% and 56%), but high negative predictive value (93% and 86%) for cardiac index <2.5 and mixed venous oxygen saturation <60%, respectively. Central venous oxygen saturation <70% predicted a mixed venous oxygen saturation <60% with a sensitivity 84%,specificity 70%, positive predictive value 31%, and negative predictive value of 96%. Low cardiac index correlated with cool extremities, high central venous pressure, and low 24-hr fluid output; and low mixed venous oxygen saturation correlated with knee mottling and high central venous pressure, but these correlations were not found to be clinically useful. CONCLUSIONS: In this subset of patients with acute lung injury, there is a high prior probability that cardiac index and mixed venous oxygen saturation are normal and physical examination findings of ineffective circulation are not useful for predicting low cardiac index or mixed venous oxygen saturation. Central venous oxygen saturation <70% does not accurately predict mixed venous oxygen saturation <60%, but a central venous oxygen saturation >or=70% may be useful to exclude mixed venous oxygen saturation <60%.
Authors:
Colin K Grissom; Alan H Morris; Paul N Lanken; Marek Ancukiewicz; James F Orme; David A Schoenfeld; B Taylor Thompson;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Critical care medicine     Volume:  37     ISSN:  1530-0293     ISO Abbreviation:  Crit. Care Med.     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-02     Completed Date:  2009-11-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0355501     Medline TA:  Crit Care Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2720-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Pulmonary and Critical Care, Intermountain Medical Center and the University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT, USA. colin.grissom@imail.org
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acute Lung Injury / blood*,  diagnosis,  therapy
Blood Flow Velocity / physiology
Cardiac Output / physiology
Catheterization, Swan-Ganz*
Central Venous Pressure / physiology
Critical Care*
Microcirculation / physiology
Oxygen / blood
Physical Examination*
Predictive Value of Tests
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult / blood*,  diagnosis,  therapy
Retrospective Studies
Skin / blood supply
Skin Temperature / physiology
Water-Electrolyte Balance / physiology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
N01-HR-16146-54/HR/NHLBI NIH HHS; N01-HR46054-64/HR/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7782-44-7/Oxygen
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Crit Care Med. 2009 Oct;37(10):2846-8   [PMID:  19865011 ]

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