Document Detail


Association of mannose-binding lectin gene haplotype LXPA and LYPB with interferon-resistant hepatitis C virus infection in Japanese patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9833905     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Mannose-binding lectin, a key factor of the innate immune system, has genetic polymorphism, and individuals who carry certain genotypes of mannose-binding lectin are known to be more prone to severe or prolonged infectious diseases. We aimed to find any relevance of mannose-binding lectin polymorphism to hepatitis C virus infection. METHODS: We determined the mannose-binding lectin genotypes by sequence specific priming-polymerase chain reaction in 159 hepatitis C virus-infected chronic hepatitis patients and 218 healthy controls in Japan by looking at 4 polymorphic loci: 2 (H/L and X/Y) within the promoter region and 2 (P/Q and A/B) within exon-1 of the mannose-binding lectin gene. RESULTS: A group of mannose-binding lectin genotypes designated "XB-type" (containing LXPA or LYPB haplotype at least heterozygously) was less frequently found in interferon-responsive patients (38.5%) than in interferon-resistant patients (60.7%, p=0.008) and controls (57.3%, p=0.014). Individuals with the "XB-type" had lower serum concentrations of mannose-binding lectin, compared to those with "YA-type", which is defined by homozygous carriage of both Y and A alleles: 0.63+/-0.61 vs 2.06+/-1.17 mg/l, p<0.001. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the mannose-binding lectin-related innate immune system plays an important role in elimination of hepatitis C virus during interferon therapy. Determining mannose-binding lectin genotypes may help in selecting the hepatitis C virus-infected patients to be treated with interferon.
Authors:
M Matsushita; M Hijikata; M Matsushita; Y Ohta; S Mishiro
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of hepatology     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0168-8278     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Hepatol.     Publication Date:  1998 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-02-10     Completed Date:  1999-02-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503886     Medline TA:  J Hepatol     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  695-700     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medical Sciences, Toshiba General Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Antiviral Agents / pharmacology
Carrier Proteins / genetics*
Collectins
Drug Resistance / genetics*
Haplotypes
Hepatitis C, Chronic / epidemiology,  genetics*
Humans
Interferons / pharmacology
Japan
Polymorphism, Genetic
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antiviral Agents; 0/Carrier Proteins; 0/Collectins; 9008-11-1/Interferons

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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