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Association of left ventricular motion and central augmentation index in healthy young men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23041752     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND:: Central blood pressure is a determinant of cardiovascular outcome; however, it can be described by parameters other than systolic and diastolic pressure with central augmentation index (AIx) often utilized. Although generally considered as determined by peripheral pressure wave reflection, not all data are consistent with this interpretation of AIx. We hypothesized that the motion of the heart during systole may influence central pressure waveform morphology, including the AIx. METHOD:: We studied the carotid pressure waveform, aortic stiffness and endothelial function in 20 healthy young men (full data available in 19). Arterial stiffness was measured by carotid femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV), endothelial function by peripheral arterial plethysmography (PAPl) and central blood pressure waveform by carotid applanation tonometry. Basal cardiac motion was assessed with pulsed wave tissue Doppler imaging of the septal mitral annulus. RESULTS:: Carotid AIx decreased after the administration of glyceryl trinitrate by 11.3 ± (sem) 4.6% (P = 0.02); however, time to the inflection point (Ti) did not change. During systolic contraction at both baseline and after glyceryl trinitrate, time to peak annular systolic velocity was directly related to, and always preceded, carotid Ti (R = 0.81; P < 0.01). Carotid Ti and AIx were not related to cfPWV or endothelial function. CONCLUSION:: In fit young men, rather than only being a consequence of arterial properties Ti, and therefore central AIx, may be substantially determined by left ventricular systolic function. These findings question the interpretation of central AIx as a measure of pressure wave reflection and aortic stiffness and potentially impact its interpretation in diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular risk.
Authors:
Kevin Cheng; James D Cameron; Matthew Tung; Philip M Mottram; Ian T Meredith; Sarah A Hope
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of hypertension     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1473-5598     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8306882     Medline TA:  J Hypertens     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Monash Cardiovascular Research Centre, MonashHeart and Monash University Department of Medicine, Monash Medical Centre, Melbourne, Australia.
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