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Association of the gene encoding stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) with fatty acid composition in an intercross population between Landrace and Korean native pigs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23124221     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Fatty acid (FA) composition is one of the most important parameters for the evaluation of meat quality. The stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) gene is considered a positional candidate gene affecting FA composition in SSC14, based on previous quantitative trait loci studies. To evaluate the association of the SCD gene with FA composition in a Korean native pig × Landrace F(2) intercross population, we genotyped six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the SCD gene located in promoter region [2 SNPs (g.-353T>C, g.-233T>C)], exonic region [1 SNP (g.817C>T) in exon 2] and 3' UTR [3 SNPs (g.13311C>G, g.14384G>A, and g.14424C>T)] identified by massively parallel sequencing technology. Eighteen FA composition traits were measured in more than the 950 F(2) animals. A mixed-effect model was used to evaluate associations between these SNPs and FA composition traits in the F(2) intercross population. A detailed investigation detected that the five FA composition traits [palmitoleic acid (C16:1), stearic acid (C18:0), arachidic acid (C20:0), saturated FA, and unsaturated FA] were highly significant (P < 4.7 × 10(-5); C20:0) in association with the SNP g.-233T>C, SNP g.817C>T, SNP g.13311C>G and SNP g.14384G>A in the SCD gene, whereas SNP g.14424C>T was only significantly associated with palmitoleic acid (C16:1, P = 1.4 × 10(-3)). No significant association of FA composition traits with SNP g.-353T>C was detected. In particular, the SNP g.14384G>A accounted for 30.6 % of the additive genetic variance of palmitoleic acid (P = 1.9 × 10(-10)). These results suggest the SCD gene has a strong effect on FA composition in the crossbred pig population.
Authors:
Dyah Maharani; Hee-Bok Park; Jae-Bong Lee; Chae-Kyoung Yoo; Hyun-Tae Lim; Sang-Hyun Han; Sung-Soo Lee; Moon-Suck Ko; In-Cheol Cho; Jun-Heon Lee
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular biology reports     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-4978     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Biol. Rep.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0403234     Medline TA:  Mol Biol Rep     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, 305-764, Korea.
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