Document Detail

Association of food form with self-reported 24-h energy intake and meal patterns in US adults: NHANES 2003-2008.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23097271     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Laboratory studies suggest that food form (beverages compared with solid foods) evokes behavioral and physiologic responses that modify short-term appetite and food intake. Beverage energy may be less satiating and poorly compensated, which leads to higher energy intake.
OBJECTIVE: We examined associations between 24-h energy consumed in beverages and a variety of meal and dietary attributes to quantify the contribution of beverage consumption to the energy content of diets in free-living individuals consuming their self-selected diets.
DESIGN: We used dietary recall data for adults (n = 13,704) in NHANES 2003-2008 to examine the multiple covariate-adjusted associations between 24-h energy from beverages and nonbeverages and associations between beverage intake, eating behaviors, and the energy density of beverage and nonbeverage foods.
RESULTS: In the highest tertile of 24-h beverage energy intake, beverages provided >30% of energy. Total 24-h energy and nonbeverage energy consumption and energy density (kcal/g) of both beverage and nonbeverage foods increased with increasing energy from beverages (P < 0.0001). With increasing 24-h beverage energy consumption, the reported frequency of all, snack, and beverage-only ingestive episodes and length of the ingestive period increased, whereas the percentage of energy from main meals decreased (P < 0.0001).
CONCLUSIONS: Higher 24-h beverage energy intake was related to higher energy intake from nonbeverage foods, quality of food selections, and distribution of 24-h energy into main meal and snack episodes. Moderation of beverage-only ingestive episodes and curtailing the length of the ingestion period may hold potential to lower uncompensated beverage energy consumption in the US population.
Ashima K Kant; Barry I Graubard; Richard D Mattes
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-10-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  96     ISSN:  1938-3207     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-21     Completed Date:  2013-01-25     Revised Date:  2013-12-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1369-78     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Beverages* / adverse effects,  analysis
Diet / trends
Energy Intake*
Food Quality
Hyperphagia / prevention & control
Middle Aged
Nutrition Surveys
Self Report
United States
Young Adult
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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