Document Detail

Association of food allergy with asthma severity and atopic diseases in Jewish and Arab adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22759215     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Aim:  To investigate the prevalence of reported food allergy and its association with atopic diseases and asthma severity among Jewish and Arab adolescents. Subjects and methods:  The self-report questionnaire of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood was administered to adolescents aged 13-14 years from randomly selected junior high schools in Israel. Questions regarding food allergy were added. Results:  A total of 11,171 questionnaires were available for analysis. Food allergy was reported by 3.6% of participants: 1.9% milk, 0.6% egg, 0.6% peanut, 0.4% sesame. On multivariate analysis, food allergy was strongly associated with current asthma (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.8-3.3), atopic eczema (OR 3.2, 95% CI 2.4-4.3), and allergic rhinitis (OR 2.4, 95% CI 1.8-3.1); Arabs were significantly more allergic to peanut (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.5-4.1), egg (OR 3.5, 95%CI 2.1-5.9), and sesame (OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.2-4.5) than Jews, and less allergic to milk (OR 0.6, 95% CI 0.4-0.9). Asthmatic subjects with food allergy had significantly more parameters of severe asthma than those without food allergy (p<0.001). Conclusions:  The prevalence of allergy to specific foods differs between Jews and Arabs. Asthmatic adolescents with food allergy report more severe asthma than those without food allergy. © 2012 The Author(s)/Acta Paediatrica © 2012 Foundation ActaPaediatrica.
Yael Graif; Larissa German; Irit Livne; Tamy Shohat
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1651-2227     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Author(s)/Acta Paediatrica © 2012 Foundation ActaPaediatrica.
Allergy and Immunology Clinic, Pulmonary Institute, Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tiqva, affiliated with Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel The Israel Center for Disease Control, Israel Ministry of Health, Tel Hashomer, Israel Israel Ministry of Education, Jerusalem, Israel Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
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