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Association of elevated soluble P-selectin levels with fetal loss in women with a history of venous thromboembolism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22169504     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
INTRODUCTION: An association between pregnancy complications such as fetal loss with inherited and acquired thrombophilic defects has frequently been reported. Recently, the cell adhesion molecule P-selectin has been identified to be a strong risk factor for venous thromboembolism (VTE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The aim of our study was to investigate whether soluble P-selectin (sP-selectin) is also associated with fetal loss (e.g. miscarriage or stillbirth) in 304 women (median age [25th-75th percentile]: 45 [37-54] years) with a history of VTE, in whom data on pregnancy-associated complications had been evaluated. At the time of sP-selectin measurement none of the women was pregnant or had an acute VTE. RESULTS: The prevalence of miscarriage was 21.4% and that of stillbirth was 4.6%. The median sP-selectin level of the total study population was 38.0 [31.7-44.4] ng/mL. In subjects with elevated sP-selectin levels (defined as sP-selectin ≥44.4ng/mL, representing the 75th percentile of levels in the study population) the prevalence of stillbirth was significantly higher compared to those with lower levels (10.5% vs. 2.6%, p=0.008), whereas no statistically significant difference in the prevalence of miscarriage was observed between women with and without elevated sP-selectin (17.1% vs. 22.9%, p=0.303). The odds ratio [95% CI] of elevated sP-selectin was 4.2 [1.5-12.7] for stillbirth and 0.7 [0.4-1.3] for miscarriage. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated sP-selectin plasma levels were associated with a 4.2-fold risk for stillbirth in women with a history of VTE. Our data support a possible role of P-selectin in late pregnancy loss.
Cihan Ay; Alexandra Kaider; Silvia Koder; Peter Husslein; Ingrid Pabinger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Thrombosis research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-2472     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0326377     Medline TA:  Thromb Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Clinical Division of Haematology and Haemostaseology, Department of Medicine I, Medical University of Vienna, Austria.
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