Document Detail

Association of dietary patterns and food allergy in infants during the first year of life.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23070178     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Introduction. There is controversy about the effect of dietary patterns during the first year of life and the occurrence of food allergy. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between family history of allergy, allergic manifestations and dietary patterns during the first year of life in infants with and without food allergy. Population and methods. We performed a descriptive cross-sectional study in children under 2 years of age (n= 99), sorted in two groups: allergic group (n= 50) and control group (n= 49), matched by socioeconomic status, age and gender. Food allergy was defned by internationally approved clinical criteria, prick and patch tests, and response to diet. Information on diet, clinical data and history of allergy in the parents were collected. The sample size was estimated for logistic regression (Freeman), and Student X² and Mann-Withney tests were used. The study and consent forms were approved by the Ethics Committee of the Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology (Instituto de Nutrición y Tecnología de los Alimentos, INTA) and the Universidad de Chile. Results. The allergic group showed a significantly higher prevalence (p <0.0001) of family history of allergy (84%) than the control group (16%). Diarrhea was the symptom most frequently reported by the mothers of allergic infants during the frst year of life. Bottle feeding was introduced earlier in the allergic group than in the control group (3 versus 6 months [p < 0.03]); no differences regarding the start age for supplementary feeding was found. When performing logistic regression, only the family history of allergy was associated with a higher risk of food allergy (OR: 48.2; CI= 14.2-164; p < 0.001). Conclusions. The early introduction of milk formula could promote the occurrence of food allergy in infants frequently presenting family history of allergy.
Karla Amada Bascuñán Gamboa; Sergio Gerardo Weisstaub Nuta; Rodrigo Andrés Chamorro Melo; María Antonieta Guzmán; Magdalena Araya Quezada
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archivos argentinos de pediatría     Volume:  110     ISSN:  1668-3501     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Argent Pediatr     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372460     Medline TA:  Arch Argent Pediatr     Country:  Argentina    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  375-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Escuela de Nutrición y Dietética, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile.
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