Document Detail


Association between white-coat effect and blunted dipping of nocturnal blood pressure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19629048     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: In this study, we assessed whether the white-coat effect (difference between office and daytime blood pressure (BP)) is associated with nondipping (absence of BP decrease at night).
METHODS: Data were available in 371 individuals of African descent from 74 families selected from a population-based hypertension register in the Seychelles Islands and in 295 Caucasian individuals randomly selected from a population-based study in Switzerland. We used standard multiple linear regression in the Swiss data and generalized estimating equations to account for familial correlations in the Seychelles data.
RESULTS: The prevalence of systolic and diastolic nondipping (<10% nocturnal BP decrease) and white-coat hypertension (WCH) was respectively 51, 46, and 4% in blacks and 33, 37, and 7% in whites. When white coat effect and nocturnal dipping were taken as continuous variables (mm Hg), systolic (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) dipping were associated inversely and independently with white-coat effect (P < 0.05) in both populations. Analogously, the difference between office and daytime heart rate was inversely associated with the difference between daytime and night-time heart rate in the two populations. These results did not change after adjustment for potential confounders.
CONCLUSIONS: The white-coat effect is associated with BP nondipping. The similar associations between office-daytime values and daytime-night-time values for both BP and heart rate suggest that the sympathetic nervous system might play a role. Our findings also further stress the interest, for clinicians, of assessing the presence of a white-coat effect as a means to further identify patients at increased cardiovascular risk and guide treatment accordingly.
Authors:
Murielle Bochud; Pascal Bovet; Peter Vollenweider; Marc Maillard; Fred Paccaud; Gilles Wandeler; Anne Gabriel; Michel Burnier
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-07-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of hypertension     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1941-7225     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-24     Completed Date:  2010-01-14     Revised Date:  2011-06-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803676     Medline TA:  Am J Hypertens     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1054-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institut Universitaire de Médecine Sociale et Préventive, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Anxiety / ethnology
Blood Pressure*
Blood Pressure Determination
Creatinine / urine
European Continental Ancestry Group / ethnology
Female
Humans
Hypertension / ethnology,  physiopathology*,  psychology
Male
Middle Aged
Periodicity*
Potassium / urine
Seychelles / ethnology
Sodium / urine
Switzerland / ethnology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
60-27-5/Creatinine; 7440-09-7/Potassium; 7440-23-5/Sodium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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