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Association between red cell transfusions and necrotizing enterocolitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23025777     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objective: Several case reports and retrospective studies have reported a temporal association between red blood cell (RBC) transfusions and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). In this article, we review the clinical evidence and biological plausibility of the association between RBC transfusions and NEC. Methods: A literature search was performed using the databases PubMed, EMBASE, and Scopus, and the electronic archive of abstracts presented at the annual meetings of the Pediatric Academic Societies. Results: Among all cases of NEC, 25 -40% patients were noted to have received an RBC transfusion within a 48 hour period prior to onset of NEC. Compared to infants who developed NEC unrelated to transfusion, neonates with transfusion-associated NEC were born at an earlier gestation, had lower birth weights, and had a delayed onset at 3-5 weeks of postnatal age. Conclusions: Based on current clinical evidence, transfusion-associated NEC appears to be a plausible clinical entity. However, there is a need for cautious interpretation of data because all the studies that have been conducted until date are retrospective, and therefore, susceptible to bias. A large, prospective, multi-center trial is needed to evaluate the association between RBC transfusion and NEC.
Authors:
Sachin C Amin; Juan I Remon; Girish C Subbarao; Akhil Maheshwari
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1476-4954     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  85-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, University of Illinois at Chicago , Chicago, IL , USA.
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