Document Detail

Association between recent sports activity, sports activity in young adulthood, and stroke.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19109544     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Leisure-time physical activity protects from stroke. It is insufficiently established whether early lifetime physical activity is independently protective and whether some etiologic stroke subgroups particularly benefit from physical activity. We tested the hypothesis that both recent and early-adulthood sports activities are associated with reduced odds of stroke and analyzed their effects in stroke subtypes. METHODS: We performed a case-control study of 370 patients with acute stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) and 370 age- and sex-matched control subjects randomly selected from the population and assessed recent and young adulthood sports activities and their weekly duration in standardized interviews. RESULTS: Recent regular sports activities were less often reported by patients (94/370, 25.4%) than by control subjects (162/370, 43.8%; P<0.0001). After adjustment for vascular risk factors, education, and other factors, recent participation in sports was significantly associated with reduced odds of stroke/TIA (odds ratio=0.64; 95% CI, 0.43 to 0.96). Both groups did not differ with regard to sports activities in young adulthood. More control subjects (69/365, 18.9%) than patients (25/361, 6.9%) participated in sports recently after not having been active in young adulthood, and such a pattern was associated with reduced odds of stroke/TIA in multivariable analysis (odds ratio=0.37; 95% CI, 0.21 to 0.85). CONCLUSIONS: Our study supports previous results that have shown stroke protection by physical activity. Results suggest that continuous lifetime activity or starting activities during later adulthood is required to reduce stroke risk.
Armin J Grau; Cordula Barth; Beate Geletneky; Paul Ling; Frederik Palm; Christoph Lichy; Heiko Becher; Florian Buggle
Related Documents :
20699444 - Body mass index and risk of stroke and myocardial infarction in a relatively lean popul...
21030694 - Retinal vascular calibers and the risk of intracerebral hemorrhage and cerebral infarct...
15753114 - A randomized trial of low-dose aspirin in the primary prevention of cardiovascular dise...
10873724 - Outcome in patients with symptomatic occlusion of the internal carotid artery.
19237634 - Effectiveness of a letter notification program for women with early-stage breast cancer...
25304604 - Planned caesarean section or trial of vaginal delivery? a meta-analysis.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-12-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1524-4628     ISO Abbreviation:  Stroke     Publication Date:  2009 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-27     Completed Date:  2009-02-20     Revised Date:  2009-03-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0235266     Medline TA:  Stroke     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  426-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neurology, Klinikum der Stadt Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Germany.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Aged, 80 and over
Brain Ischemia / complications,  epidemiology
Case-Control Studies
Cerebral Hemorrhage / complications,  epidemiology
Germany / epidemiology
Ischemic Attack, Transient / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Motor Activity
Odds Ratio
Risk Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Sports / statistics & numerical data*
Stroke / classification,  epidemiology*
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Arm use after left or right hemiparesis is influenced by hand preference.
Next Document:  Isolated nodular infarction.