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Association between maternal serum cytokine profiles at 7-10 weeks' gestation and birthweight in small for gestational age infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21292229     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether birth of a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) baby (birthweight, <10th percentile) is preceded by altered maternal serum cytokine profiles at early pregnancy, compared with control babies (birthweight, 30-80th percentile). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case-control study of maternal serum collected prospectively across 7-10 weeks of gestation from women attending their first prenatal visit (SGA, 57 cases; control subjects, 71 cases selected retrospectively). Serum concentrations of 27 cytokines were measured in each sample and analyzed by 2-way analysis of variance and nonparametric tests. Logistic regression was used for predictive modeling. RESULTS: Of 21 detectable cytokines/chemokines, 14 analytes varied significantly (P ≤ .030) among those women who were destined to deliver an SGA baby, when compared with control subjects. Of the cytokines that varied in association with SGA, interferon-γ concentrations increased, and major proinflammatory (interleukin [IL]-2, -7, -12) and antiinflammatory (IL-1 receptor antagonist, -4, -10, -13) cytokine concentrations decreased. Eotaxin and macrophage inflammatory protein-1α were higher; monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and IL-8 were lower. CONCLUSION: SGA births may be preceded by altered immune cytokine profiles at 7-10 weeks of gestation.
Authors:
Harry M Georgiou; Yulinda S Thio; Chris Russell; Michael Permezel; Yujing J Heng; Stephen Lee; Stephen Tong
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6868     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia; Mercy Perinatal Research Center, Mercy Hospital for Women, Heidelberg, VIC, Australia.
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