Document Detail


Association between maternal periodontitis and preterm and/or low birth weight infants in normal pregnancies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25394610     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Objective: to relate the periodontal condition with the presence of periodontal bacteria in pregnant that had babies with preterm delivery or/and low weight at birth (PTLBW). Methods: We recruited 134 pregnant women without systemic diseases attending at the Gynaecology and Obstetrics Room, from Maternal Provincial Hospital, Córdoba, Argentine. Pregnant were grouped according to the International Classification for a System of Periodontal Disease. A sample from periodontal pocket was extracted to identify Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg), Treponema denticola (Td), Tannerella forsythia (Tf) Prevotella intermedia (Pi) and Agreggatibacter actinomycemcomitans (Aa). Results: We identified 7 (5%) cases of children born underweight or preterm of mothers diagnosed with Gingivitis, 6 (4%) in Mild Periodontitis and 4 (3%) in Moderate Periodontitis. We estimated that when Pi and/or Aa were not detected in the periodontal pockets of mothers, the infants had a more than 129% chance of having normal birth weights (OR 3.47 for Pi and OR for Aa 2.29). The average age of the mothers who has PTLBW was 21 ± 3.5. The age showed an association with PTLBW (p <0.0008). Conclusions: The presences of periodontal pathogens in periodontal pockets from pregnant with different periodontal status, would associate with PTLBW infants when the mothers are young, and the normal term and normal birth weight infant it associated with the absence of periodonto bacteria like Pi y Aa.
Authors:
María Matilde Usin; Julieta Menso; Verónica Inés Rodríguez; Analía González; Sandra Tabares; Ricardo Parodi; Adela Sembaj
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-11-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-4954     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-20     Citation Subset:  -    
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